What does THC, CBD, and CBN mean?
Indica is a particular variety of cannabis (the scientific or botanical name for marijuana). The effects are usually more sedative, it’s therefore usually recommended as a nighttime medication. Indica provides deep body relaxation. This feeling is usually described as heaviness. The varying effects between Indica and Sativa are largely due to the much higher CBD/THC ratio in Indica. The higher CBD helps to make Indica strains less likely to induce anxiety.
Sativa is another variety of cannabis. The effects of Sativa strains are more cerebral in nature. They typically provides a euphoric feeling that is especially appropriate for daytime medicating. Some strains can also be very energetic or even “racy”.
THC, CBD, and CBN are chemicals found in cannabis (also known as “cannabinoids”). The levels of these chemicals are what determine the particular effects of each strain. (There are actually at least 85 different cannabinoids deriving from cannabis. The three discussed here are among the most prevalent). When treating an ailment with medical marijuana it is very useful to understand the chemical breakdown in order to select the proper medication for your needs. When looking at potency results, everything should be viewed in context. THC percentages in flower can range from single digits up to the high 20s and possibly even low 30s; whereas CBD and CBN are usually at levels below 1%. Of course the numbers for concentrates tend to be quite a bit higher. THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the main chemical associated with the cannabis plant. THC is especially good for treating nausea, low appetite, and pain. THC can also have strong euphoric and sense-enhancing effects, these can be beneficial for treating symptoms of depression among other things. CBD stands for cannabidiol. This particular cannabinoid has a plethora of medical uses for many physical as well as mental ailments. CBD is know for being quite sedative and drowsy. It is especially good for deep muscle and tissue pain. Mentally, the effects are quite calming, and strains high in CBD are often recommended for those suffering from inflammation, nausea, anxiety, and schizophrenia. Some research also suggests that CBD can be effective in treating dystonia as well as inhibiting the growth of cancer cells. CBN stands for cannabinol. It is mostly related to pain-relief and is comparable to very strong aspirin. It has a sedative quality and is also responsible for some of the disorienting qualities of many marijuana strains. A high level of CBN is especially good for treating pain and migraines.